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Romans Under New Light

Bridging the Doctrines of Catholics and Protestants.

...that they may be one even as we are one... John 17:21-23

On the night before the crucifixion, Jesus prayed that we, the Church, would be one even as he and the heavenly Father are one.  This was probably true during the time of the first church.  But it's certainly not true today.  Does the Father answer the prayers of Jesus?  Will Jesus return to find his Church split between the Eastern Orthodox, the Roman Catholics, and the Protestants?  Or can we expect a Great Awakening in the Church which will fundementally unite the Church? 

Can we expect to agree on every doctrinal issue before Christ returns?  Perhaps not.  But if we can agree on the doctrine of salvation then we will be fundementally united.  If we can agree on the doctrine of salvation then other issues will work themselves out. 

Did Luther go perhaps a bit too far when he established the Protestant doctrine of salvation?  Have we drifted even further than Luther would have intended?  Could it be that the truth hides in the middle, between the Catholic and the Protestant doctrines? 

The application of Old Testament Jewish eschatology to the New Testament Church solves seven major problems of Scripture, which have divided the Protestant Church over the centuries.  The New Wine System literally interprets Scripture along the same lines as the Jewish eschatology system of that day.  And it reveals a truth that hides in the middle between the Catholic and the Protest doctines of salvation.  We can explore that truth by reading Romans under a new light, or in other words, with a more Jewish and Old Testament set of presuppositions.

You may make copies of the PDF eBook edtion of this book and send it to anyone so long as no changes are made. The PDF eBook is freely downloadable. (See the links under the book cover to the left.)




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Available from Amazon    Kindle Edition

New Wine for the End Times

Seven major problems are solved by literally applying Old Testament Jewish eschatology to the New Testament Church.  The New Wine System is a very literal interpretation of Scripture.  (more)

1) Calvinism vs. Arminianism (election vs. free-will).  Solving this major Church divider without the use of paradoxes, or two sides of the same coin.  (more)

2) Salvation is a free gift.  But inheriting the Kingdom requires lots of work.  Solving the friction between grace and holiness verses.  (more)

3) Does salvation require fruits of the Spirit?  Solving the friction between Lordship Salvation and Free Grace Theology.  (more)

4) The millennium as a free-grace alternative to purgatory.  Solving the differences in salvation verses between Catholicism and Protestantism.  (more)

5) Would a loving God have a merciful plan for our loved ones who have died having never heard or understood about Jesus Christ?  (more)

6) Jewish eschatology provides Scriptural evidence that children who die young do not go to hell.  (more)

7) Amillennialism vs. Premillennialism.  Scriptural evidence for the purpose of Christ's Messianic reign.  The millennium is the climax of God's plan for all generations.  (more)

The application of Old Testament Jewish eschatology to the New Testament Church solves these seven major problems of Scripture, which have divided the Church over the centuries.  Most of the New Testament was written by Jews.  The New Wine System literally interprets Scripture along the same lines as the Jewish eschatology system of that day.  The Jewish New Testament authors applied Old Testament prophecies about Israel to the New Testament Church.  If we do the same, then these seven major problems of Scripture are solved.  In addition, many verses of other topics that have been hard to understand start fitting the system and become easily understood.

Christian Perfection by Grace and Works
Booklet by Philip B. Brown

(Included as Part Seven in New Wine for the End Times)

Available from Amazon

"Passage by passage and verse by verse, Philip Brown leads us through an examination of Scripture relating to doctrines that have puzzled and divided the Church for centuries, such as Calvinism vs. Arminianism, Universalism, Purgatory, and much more. He challenges some of our preconceived, long held, traditional ways of thinking. This book is not for the timid who prefer to stay in their comfortable, familiar, but unbiblical theology. Be prepared to think outside of the box you keep God in." ( From a review on Amazon by David George )

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Available Podcast Sermons:

New Wine for the End Times
by Philip B. Brown

The New Wine System is all about interpreting the Bible like ancient Jews would have done.  Israel will rule the nations when the Messiah comes.  And we are grafted into Israel.  New Wine for the End Times is an in-depth 625-page book that covers all the Scriptural arguments for the New Wine System.  The Introduction, the Table of Contents, and the First Chapter of the book can be read here online.  The First Chapter is "The New Wine System in a Nutshell."  Read it as see if this makes sense to you as a new way to interpret Scripture.  It's an interpretation of Scripture that's in the context of the Old Testament Jewish culture and beliefs.  For a better idea of what I'm talking about, read the one-page flyer below on "The Gospel of the Kingdom: Reconciliation, Justification, Sanctification, and Glorification."

Scripture is to be interpreted as literally as is reasonable, with careful consideration for context, allowing for symbolism only where symbolism is obvious, with the culture of the ancient Jews of primary importance.  It's my hope that every student of Scripture will read this book prayerfully, letting the inerrancy of Scripture be the final word.

If you like, you can drop me a line.  Ask questions about the New Wine System.  I try to respond to all the emails that I receive.

The Gospel (Good News) of the Kingdom   (more)

Believe in Jesus and you will inherit eternal life.  But look at the context of John 3:16 for a true understanding of the Gospel.  The verse right before, at John 3:14-15, says: "And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him may have eternal life."  The people of Old Testament Israel were told to look upon the serpent to be healed of sickness and disease.  But Christ was lifted up so that we can be healed from sin.  We must be saved from sin.  All sins are habitual.  If we still sin, we must continue to look to the cross in order to stop sinning – in order to be healed from our sinful habits, so that we no longer sin.  Only then can we inherit eternal life.

As we live and work for Christ the Holy Spirit changes us and we overcome all our sinful habits.  Those who live and work for Christ will overcome all their sinful habits and will inherit eternal life.  They will reign with Christ at the time of the resurrection, when Christ sets up his earthly kingdom.   (more)


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Table of Contents
First Chapter
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Philip Brown     Click to email me.


The Gospel of the KingdomReconciliation,
Justification, Sanctification, and Glorification

"Through one trespass, all men were condemned; even so through one act of righteousness, all men were justified to life" (Rom. 5:18).  "For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive" (1 Cor. 15:22).

"We were reconciled to God through the death of his Son" (Romans 5:10).  Jesus said, “I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself” (John 12:32).  Paul said Jesus Christ is the, “Savior of all people, especially of those who believe” (1 Tim. 4:10).  See 1 Cor. 15:22, 1 John 2:2, Rom. 11:32, 1 Tim. 2:3-6, 1 John 2:2, Heb. 2:9, John 6:33, Titus 2:11, 2 Cor. 5:14-15, and Rom. 5:18-19.  Reconciliation has nothing to do with what we might do, say, or believe.  We were all reconciled.  But those who reject Christ lose their reconciliation to God.

Reconciliation is not justificationNew believers are justified and receive the Holy Spirit.  Justification is the start of sanctification, when we are credited with righteousness.  Later, after completing our journey of sanctification, making good on that credit, we will be glorified with immortal bodies at the resurrection.  But we must complete that journey.

Jesus said, “I am the [road], the truth, and the life.  No one [journeys] to the Father, except through me” (John 14:6).  Salvation includes a journey of faith.  Paul said, “May the God of peace himself sanctify you completely.  May your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Thess. 5:23).

Paul said, “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, that no one would boast.  For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared before that we would walk in them” (Eph. 2:8-10). We are not saved by works.  Christ did that on the cross.

Even sanctification is a free gift by grace alone since the Holy Spirit changes us on the inside as we do the works.  But without works there is no sanctification and thus no eternal life.  Paul said, “But now, being made free from sin, and having become servants of God, you have your fruit of sanctification, and the result of eternal life” (Rom. 6:22).  Again, Paul says the fruit of good works is sanctification and the result of sanctification is eternal life.  So without works there is no sanctification and thus no eternal life.  Therefore, we must complete our journey of sanctification before we can inherit the kingdom and receive eternal life.

We are saved by faith and through grace.  But faith without works is dead (James 2:17, 2:26).  Salvation by faith is a journey.  By faith and belief we are sanctified as we do the works of the Father.  “He who began a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ” (Phil. 1:6).  God’s grace is more powerful even than death.  “Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man will see the Lord” (Hebrews 12:14).

John 3:16, 18 For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.  ...  He who believes in him is not judged. He who doesn't believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the one and only Son of God.

Belief and faith are a journey.  Those who willfully refuse Christ’s journey are judged already, which means they’ve lost their reconciliation.  But those who complete their journey to overcome sin will be given eternal life.  You can lose your reconciliation if you willfully turn away from God and keep on sinning. (Matthew 12:31, Hebrews 6:4-6, 1 John 5:16-18, Isaiah 26:14-19, Hosea 13:12-13, and also the following verse)

Hebrews 10:26-27 For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more a sacrifice for sinsbut a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and a fierceness of fire which will devour the adversaries.

Because Christ is the second Adam, all men were “justified to life.”  Those who remain reconciled are Christ’s sheep and still hear his voice.  Christ’s lost sheep still hear his voice and remain reconciled with God, even if they dieThere are two types of bodies at the resurrection: glorified bodies and mortal bodies.  If you die before completing your journey, Christ will simply raise you up at the resurrection.  You can complete your journey in the age to come.  But you will still be under Judgment with a mortal body.  Those who reject Christ no longer hear his voiceThey have lost their reconciliation and will not be resurrected.

John 5:25 Most certainly, I tell you, the hour comes, and now is, when the dead will hear the Son of God's voice; and those who hear will live.

John 5:28-29 Don't marvel at this, for the hour comes, in which all that are in the tombs will hear his voice,  and will come out; those who have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment.




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This book, when it's finished, will be available on Amazon.

But you can read Part One of the book now online.

Click the links for each of these first twelve chapters.

Part Two will be a commentary on Daniel.

Part Three will be a commentary on Revelation.

Part One
The End Time Sequence of Daniel and Revelation
The Coming New Jerusalem Blasphemed by the Coming Islamic Antichrist

Introduction - The End Time Sequence of Daniel and Revelation     (End Time Sequence Timeline)

Chapter 1 - Isaiah 17 - An Oracle Concerning Damascus
The glory of Jacob will be brought low.  The remnant of Syria will be like the glory of the children of Israel.

Chapter 2 - The Islamic Antichrist is Coming; No Rapture-Escape from Persecution
The Islamic Antichrist (the Mahdi) will come. He will establish a new Islamic Caliphate in Turkey.

Chapter 3 - Ezekiel 38 (Not 39) Will Unfold; Psalm 83 Considered
The more northern Islamic nations, including Turkey, Syria, and Iran, will attack Israel.

Chapter 4 - The Pre-Millennial Appearance of the New Jerusalem

Chapter 5 - The Pre-Tribulation Appearance of the New Jerusalem
The New Jerusalem will appear in orbit around the earth to stop the attack on Israel.

Chapter 6 - The Powerful Delusion; the Blasphemous Lie of the Antichrist
The world will be terrified.  They will rally around the Islamic Antichrist as he blasphemes God and those in the New Jerusalem.

Chapter 7 - The 144,000 Are Firstfruits of Fulfilled Israel
The 144,000 will get spiritual bodies and will see Jesus Christ face to face.  They are both Jew and Gentile, and are few who will be ready for Christ to return.  The rest of the Church will still be sinning.

Chapter 8 - Daniel 11 - The Building of the Islamic Caliphate
The Islamic Antichrist will attack Egypt and the other more southern Islamic nations that have not joined the Turkey-based Islamic Caliphate.

Chapter 9 - Daniel 7 - The Building of the World Government

Chapter 10 - Daniel 8 and 12 - The Abomination of Desolation
The abomination of desolation will be set up.  The whole world will be forced to convert to Islam.  The Islamic Antichrist will rule the global world for 42 months.

Chapter 11 - Ezekiel 39 - Armageddon

Chapter 12 - Daniel 12:1-3 - The Resurrection and the Millennial Reign



Related and Supporting Articles on Eschatology


New Wine Premillennialism:  Future Fulfilment - The Gentile Church is grafted into Israel - Very Literal

The New Wine System

The Resurrection of the Just and the Unjust
Israel is the Church
Is This Replacement Theology?
The Northern and Southern Kingdoms of Israel
Quick Summary of the New Wine System

New Wine Premillennialism

Old Testament Context for a Better Understanding of the New Testament
The Afterlife, and the Resurrection, in the Old Testament
The Book of Life, in the Old Testament
The Desolation and Rebuilding of Jerusalem, in the Old Testament
The Sanhedrin Must Anoint the Most Holy
The Desolation of Jerusalem, to Fulfill All That is Written
Elijah Will Restore All Things
The Resurrection of the Just and the Unjust

Problems Solved by the New Wine System

The New Wine System is More Literal
Calvinism vs. Arminianism (Election vs. Free-Will)
The Friction between Grace and Holiness Verses
Lordship Salvation vs. Free-Grace Theology
A Free-Grace Alternative to Purgatory
Those Who Die Having Never Heard about Christ
Is there an Age of Accountability for Children?
Amillennialism vs. Premillennialism


Dispensationalism:  Future Fulfilment - The Church is separated from Israel - Somewhat Literal

Problems with the Pre-Tribulation Rapture

Two men working; two women grinding
Is being gathered different from being caught-up?
Chart of Pre/Post Tribulation Attributes
The Olivet Discourse in Daniel 12
Parable of the Fig Tree
The Unknown Day and Hour
The Doctrine of Imminence
The Thief in the Night Parable
Who is the Restrainer?
The Day of the Lord
We are Not Appointed to God's Wrath
The Wedding Banquet

The pre-tribulation rapture is easily disproved: The tribulation saints are resurrected after the tribulation (Rev. 20:4). This is the first resurrection (Rev. 20:5). The rapture must be after the first resurrection because, "The dead in Christ will rise first" (1 Thess. 4:16). The first resurrection cannot be a second resurrection. Plus, the resurrection is on the last day (1 John 6:40) and there is only one "last day."

Dispensationalism is easily disproved: The Gentile Church is grafted into the olive tree of Israel. The olive tree must be Israel because the hardened Jews who were broken off were excluded from Israel. Jewish Israel will be unhardened when the full number of Gentiles have come into the olive tree of Israel (Rom. 11:25). So the Gentile Church is a part of Israel and will also inherit the literal millennial promises to Abraham (Gal 3:29).

Problems with Dispensationalism

What is Dispensationalism?
Progressive Dispensationalists
A People Called By My Name (Israel)
The Children of Abraham
The New Covenant
Three Dispensations, Not Seven
The Seven Covenants
The Kingdom of Heaven
Israel Ruling the Nations
The Woman About to Give Birth


Preterism:  Past Fulfillment - Israel is the Church - Non-Literal Interpretation

Problems with Full Preterism

The Sign of Jonah
Prophecies Are Conditional
Two Generations
Those who Deliberately Forget
The Resurrection
The Soon Return of Christ

Problems with Traditional Preterism

The End of the Age
The Chronological View of the Seventy Weeks
The Abomination of Desolation
The Statue of Zeus

Problems with Christian Universalism

Verses for Everyone Being Saved
Eternal Punishment and Eternal Life
Ages of Ages (Forever and ever)
Those Who Die Without Hearing the Gospel
Every Knee Will Bow
Reconciliation of All of the Creation
God's Love

Problems with Amillennialism, Part One

The Last Enemy is Death
The Chronology of Revelation 19-21
The Binding of Satan
Natural Interpretation
The Believer's Authority Over the Nations
Natural Kingdom and Spiritual Kingdom Verses
My Kingdom is Not of This World
The Kingdom of Heaven Parables
The Promise to David and Mary
Twelve Thrones for the Twelve Disciples
Elijah Will Restore All Things

Problems with Amillennialism, Part Two

Problems with Allegorical Interpretations of Prophecy
The History of Allegorical Interpretation
Crossing the Line Into Error
With the Lord a Day is Like a Thousand Years
Jewish and Christian Chiliasm
The Third Day
Crucifixion on Thursday
Praying to Dead Saints, and the Papacy


Warning Overcome Sin, for the Kingdom of Jesus Christ is Coming Soon.